State Code Status: Montana
Current Commercial Code
2012 IECC with Montana amendments or ASHRAE 90.1-2010
Passed 9/20/2013, effective 11/7/2014
✔ Can use COMcheck to show compliance.
Current Residential Code
2012 IECC with Montana amendments
Passed 9/20/2013, effective 11/7/2014
Due to state amendments, the residential code is not quite equivalent to the 2012. Still, major improvement to the new energy code include:
- More efficient windows (U-0.32);
- Mandatory whole-house blower-door test requirement, beginning 2016;
- More stringent heating duct leakage testing;
- Whole-house mechanical ventilation;
- More efficient lighting (75 percent high efficiency fixtures and lights)
More efficient crawlspace walls;
✔ Can use REScheck to show compliance.
See Administrative Rules of Montana (Title 24, Chapter 301.161) for Incorporation by Reference of the IECC.
Read more about:
Climate Zone: 6B
Code Adoption and Change Process
Code Change Process
Regulatory: The energy codes are reviewed on a three-year cycle corresponding to the adoption of new versions of the International Code Conference (ICC) Uniform Codes. Proposed changes are submitted to the Building Codes Bureau, which must file its proposed rules with the Secretary of State within six months of adoption.
Code Change Cycle
Three-year code review/change cycle.
Next Code Update
|November 7, 2014||
The Administrative Rules of Montana (Title 24, Chapter 301.161) now require that commercial buildings and (R-2 and R-4) residential buildings over three stories comply with the 2012 IECC or ASHRAE 90.1-2010. The commercial code is equivalent to the 2012 IECC.
All residential buildings must meet the minimum requirements of the 2012 IECC with Montana amendments. Due to the state amendments, the residential code is not quite equivalent to the 2012 IECC.
|June 1, 2013||
High Performance Building Standards, promulgated to implement parts of the 2009 legislature’s SB 49, are adopted. These standards apply to “the construction, renovation, and maintenance of public buildings…as well as all new state-leased buildings”. Read more about these standards here.
|January 12, 2011||
A bill (Senate Bill 159) is introduced in the Montana Legislature that would affect future updates to the state energy code (currently based on the 2009 IECC). The bill would require the Department of Labor and Industry (DLI) to demonstrate a five-year payback period for the added incremental costs (relative to the 2009 IECC) of constructing a home to proposed code updates in the future. The bill passes the state Senate on February 1st and state House on April 1st. On April 13th, this bill is vetoed by the governor.
Montana adopts the 2009 IECC with state amendments. Following a public hearing in November 2009, the Montana Department of Labor and Industry (DLI) files the final adoption notice to amend ARM 24.301.161. The state’s 46 local certified jurisdictions will have an additional 90 days to adopt the same code and edition for their jurisdictions. All other areas are under the jurisdiction of the State Building Codes Bureau. Training classes are to be held during the 5th Annual Building Codes Education Conference; the Montana Building Codes Bureau also plans for additional training and will be coordinating with the Montana Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) for additional training ideas and methods.
|June 25, 2009||
The Montana Building Code Council votes to adopt the 2009 IECC with amendments. The Montana Department of Labor and Industry will accept comments on the new code when the department holds the public hearing as part of the administrative Rules process, which should take effect in fall. The existing Montana amendment allowing residential basement insulation delay until the space was finished for occupancy is removed.
The state legislature enacts Senate Bill 49, directing state agencies to adopt high performance building standards guiding the construction of new buildings or renovations made to older existing buildings.
|January 26, 2007||
The 2006 I-codes, with the exception of the energy code, become effective.
|September 3, 2004||
The state adopted the 2003 IECC with minimal changes as the statewide energy code.
The Montana legislature enacts HB 641, which relates to the construction of, the installation of equipment in, and standards for materials to be used in all buildings or classes of buildings, including provisions dealing with safety, accessibility to persons with disabilities, sanitation, and conservation of energy. The adoption, amendment, or repeal of a rule is of significant public interest for purposes of 2-3-103.
The state’s first energy code is the 1983 Model Energy Code (MEC). Montana adopts the appendix of Chapter 53 (Energy) referenced in the 1985 Uniform Building Code, which referenced the 1983 MEC.
Montana adopts several of the MEC editions and supplements in the late 1980s and early 1990s, including the 1991 MEC with reference the first Standard 90.1 edition, ASHRAE 90.1-1989.
Montana first adopts a statewide building code with the adoption of the ICBO Uniform Codes.
This feature allows users to track progress towards goals of adoption, compliance, and implementation in their state. If you have any updates about strides that your state has made in any of the categories below, please contact BCAP.
The Montana toolkit is currently under construction.
News and Events
Population: 1,032,949 (US Census Bureau, 2015)
New Privately Owned Housing Units Authorized by Permit Type (US Census Construction Statistics)
|3 or 4 units||301||231|
|5 or more units||1,309||1,371|
Commercial buildings: 1.3 MMT
Residential buildings: 1.6 MMT
Commercial building energy consumption:
76.9 trillion BTU in 2012
Residential building energy consumption:
85.2 trillion BTU in 2012
Commercial building energy expenditures:
$679 million in 2012
Residential building energy expenditures:
$860.6 million in 2012
Energy snapshot: According to EIA, the residential sector in Montana consumes 21.2% of overall energy, while the commercial sector consumes 19.2%.
This page was last modified on: October 19, 2016